Contemporary State of the Problem of the Iodine Deficiency Elimination in the Belarus Republic

Cover Page


The results of implementation governmental strategy of the iodine deficiency diseases elimination in the Belarus Republic based on the wide using of iodinated salt is presented. For the control of this program fulfillment more than 1300 children from 6 districts of Republic were examined. Middle Republic level of median of the urine iodine elimination for the period of the program realization has increased in more than 4 times and was equal to 179.2 ug/l and iodine deficiency decreased from 80.9 per cent in 1997 to 14.0 per cent in 2006. Consumption of iodinated salt has increased from 30.0 per cent in 1997 to 93.6 per cent in 2006. As the result the goiter rate in Belarus decreased from 17.2 per cent to 12.8 per cent. These results allow getting conclusion concerning efficiency of the strategy of using the iodinated salt recommended by the UNICEF as universal prophylaxis measure for the iodine deficiency diseases elimination.

About the authors


  1. Аринчин А.Н., Гембицкий М., Петренко С.В. и др. Зобная эндемия и йодная недостаточность у детей и подростков Республики Беларусь // Здравоохранение. 2000. № 11. С. 25—30.
  2. Данн Д., Ван дер Хаар Ф. Практическое руководство по устранению йодной недостаточности: Техн. пособие № 3. ICCIDD, UNICEF, WHO. 1994. 59 с.
  3. Дразнин Н.М. К вопросу о зобной болезни в Белоруссии // Здравоохр. Белоруссии. 1956. № 7. С. 3-7.
  4. Коломиец Н.Д., Мохорт Т.В., Филонов В.А., Долгин А.С., Мохорт Е.Г. Предупреждение заболеваний, связанных с дефицитом йода в Республике Беларусь / Под общ. ред. Г. Герасимова, Н. Коломиец. Минск, 2003. С. 9-10.
  5. Мохорт Е.Г. Йодная и селеновая обеспеченность детей и подростков, проживающих в г. Минске // Мед. новости. 2004. №7. С. 86-89.
  6. Мохорт Т.В., Аринчин А.Н., Петренко С.В. идр. Йодный дефицит в Беларуси и методы его коррекции и профилактики: Метод. рекомендации. Минск, 2001.
  7. Мохорт Т.В., Холодова Е.А., Коломиец Н.Д., Мохорт Е.Г. Проблема йодного дефицита и пути ее решения в Республике Беларусь: Серыя медыцынскіх навук // Весці нацыянальная акадэмii навук Беларусі. 2006. № 2. С. 23-28..
  8. Холодова Е.А., Федорова Л.П. Распространенность эндемичного зоба в Беларуси // Проблемы эндокринологии. 1992. Т. 38, № 6. С. 30-31.
  9. Arinchin A., Gembicki M., Moschik K. et al. Goiter Prevalence and Urinary Iodine Excretion in Belarus Children Born after the Chernobyl Accident // IDD News Letter. 2000. V. 16, N 1. P. 7-9.
  10. Contempre B., Dumont J.E., Denef J.F., Many M.C. Effects of selenium deficiency on thyroid necrosis, fibrosis and proliferation: a possible role in myxoedematous cretinism // Eur. J. Endocrinol. 1995. V. 133(1). P. 99-109.
  11. Gerasimov G. IDD in the former USSR // IDD Newsl. 1993. V. 9(4). P. 43-48.
  12. Indicators for assessing Iodine Deficiency Disorders and their control through salt iodization. WHO/NUT/94/6. World Health Organization/Geneva, 1994.
  13. Kolomiets N., Slavinsky A., Mokhort A., Grits M. Development of thyroid gland disorders in Belarus. 12 th Balkan congress of Endocrinology, 30 th Panhellenic Congress of Endocrinology and Metabolism (Abstractbook). Greece, 2003. Р. 52.
  14. Mokhort A. Thyroid status in schoolchildren from iodine deficient region. European Thyroid Association Annual Meeting (Abstractbook). Scotland, UK. 2003. Р. 51.
  15. Pharoah P.O.D., Buttfield I.H., Hetzel B.S. The effect of iodine prophylaxis on the incidence of endemic cretinism // Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 1972. V. 30. P. 201-222.
  16. Vanderpas J. Selenium and iodine deficiency as risk factors for goiter and hypothyroidism. In: F. Peter, W. Wiersinga, U. Hostalek Eds. The Thyroid and Environment. Budapest, 2000. P. 25-40.
  17. Vanderpas J.B., Contempre B., Duale N.L. et al. Selenium deficiency mitigates hypothyroxinemia in iodine-deficient subjects // Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1993. V. 57(Suppl. 2). Р. 271-275.
  18. WHO, UNICEF, ICCIDD. Recommended Iodine Levels in Salt and Guidelines for Monitoring Their Adequacy and Effectiveness. Geneva, 1996.
  19. Wu T., Liu G.J., Li P., Clar C. Iodised salt for preventing iodine deficiency disorders (Cochrane Review) // Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2002. V. 3.
  20. Zimmermann M.B., Molinari L., Spehl M. et al. Updated Provisional WHO/ICCIDD Reference Values for Sonographic Thyroid Volume in Iodine-Replete School-age Children // IDD Newsletter. 2001. V. 17, N 1. P. 12.



Abstract - 690

PDF (Russian) - 419




Copyright (c) 2007 ., ., .

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies